Farmer Research Networks

Context

Since 2012, CCRP has been developing the idea and practice of farmer research networks (FRNs).  An FRN is a set of farmer groups that conducts agroecological research of relevance to its membership.  FRNs typically work in partnership with researchers, development organizations, farmer organizations, and/or broader networks. Because each FRN develops in response to its contexts and opportunities, FRNs are diverse, varying in their structures, aims, and organizational and leadership models.  They are, however, aligned by adhering to a set of principles (see below) and by sharing experiences and learnings.

CCRP’s work on farmer research networks is guided by a set of principles:

  • For a deeper dive into the principles, click here

Vision for FRNs

FRNs aim to enable large-scale farmer participation in agroecological research and development in a way that enhances the agency of participants. They are envisaged as a social innovation that supports the agroecological transformation of smallholder agriculture and food systems. They play key roles in visualizing and working towards the future that farmer groups desire for their farms, landscapes, livelihoods, and food systems. Through individual and collective prioritization, learning, investigation and adaptation, farmers can inform and inspire each other, improve the multi-dimensional performance of their production systems, and own the process and products of agroecological intensification.

FRNs strengthen rural organizations, while contributing to more relevant research that considers local contexts. FRNs and the knowledge they produce can represent a broad range of farmers as well as diverse ways of knowing. The networks’ collective action can more effectively match agroecological options to various social and biophysical contexts.

FRNs amplify the impact of farmer-centered innovation systems and allow farmers to tap into existing knowledge. They rely on their own experiments to learn and test new ideas but also learn from others in their networks. Recent digital advances allow for the sharing of information in new ways. A learning network enables ideas and methods to be tested, shared, discussed, adapted, and potentially utilized.

FRN Development

There are FRN projects in all regions that CCRP supports. There are currently about 60 projects that are working within an FRN approach. Each focus on a different topic, engages different stakeholders and partners, and is led by a different organization (research institute, NGO, farmer organization or federation).

As this timeline shows, from 2013 to 2020, there has been a process of learning and sharing perspectives and understandings as FRNs have developed. This has been supported by two FRN convenings, an FRN working group, topical groups (such as a Data group), and some in-depth inquiries and learning syntheses. Each FRN is engaged in its own learning and development, which is periodically shared with the broader network of FRNs across the program. Increasingly, CCRP is also connecting with like-minded researchers and practitioners from other local, regional, or global organizations who can inspire our continued development.

View the FRN timeline here

Developmental Evaluation Processes for FRNs

From 2015-2017 the Integrated Monitoring Evaluation and Planning team (IMEP) led a “deep dive” into four FRN projects. This enabled the program to learn more about FRN development processes, the ways in which FRN principles were shaping the work, and challenges faced in implementation. This work was brought periodically to the working group to inform discussions and in 2018, a synthesis report was written to share the learning up to that point.

The four projects that were part of the Deep Dive were:

  • Participatory Action Research FRN in Bolivia
  • FRN-NGO in Western Kenya
  • Best Bets FRN in Malawi
  • Seed Systems in Mali and other West African countries

Strategy

The past half century has seen farmers’ roles gradually shift from passive recipients to active participants in research intended for their benefit and FRNs further strengthen the role of smallholders. Despite their importance, small farms’ heterogeneous needs and opportunities are poorly served by the centralized, transfer-of-technology approach that dominates agricultural research. CCRP supports research advancing agroecological farming, enabling smallholder farmers to adaptively blend local and experiential knowledge with knowledge produced through scientific methods to develop adequate approaches to improving livelihoods and supporting sustainable agroecosystems.

A range of challenges remain. How, for instance, can successful experiences and arrangements be effectively shared and spread?  How can ideas, information and data be efficiently shared among farmers and groups?  How can access to innovations be equitably ensured? How can effective feedback and accountability systems between those involved be built? FRNs work toward addressing these challenges in the agricultural research and development system.

FRN Working Group

The FRN working group began meeting in 2015 to discuss FRN development and learning processes, as well as many other topics that were emerging. It has broadened and become more inclusive over time as people with many different connections to CCRP have begun attending and participating and sharing their own reflections and work related to FRNs. We are currently experimenting with providing simultaneous interpretation for English, Spanish and French to make it a more inclusive (linguistic) space.

The FRN working group meets monthly. Here is a list of the main agenda items beginning in January 2019.

Data Topical Group

The FRN Data Topical Group, a subgroup of the FRN Working Group, is a forum that aims to bring researchers, practitioners, students, farmers, and other stakeholders together to share experiences on data and information flow in farmer research networks (FRNs). The data and information flow entail the process of planning and designing research, data collection, analysis, interpretation, and report writing, to closing of information loops through results and dissemination and feedback outputs.

FRNs are guided by principles as outlined here to enable and guarantee research rigor and effectiveness and to bring about change in smallholder farmers’ livelihoods by improving their food and nutritional security using agroecologically driven approaches. The Group provides learning opportunities and a platform to discuss challenges and solutions in the data flow process to enhance its impact and that of the overall research.

The group engages in troubleshooting, discussing, and devising activities to ensure that there is a continued learning among the networks (a network of networks). The group is driven by the following aims:

  • Exchange learnings and experiences on data management and issues in FRN endeavors
  • Share tools, methods and developments on tackling data in FRNs
  • Devise and participate in activities to update thinking on FRN principles to inform work in FRNs

Thematic discussions

The group engages in several thematical discussions around data flow in FRNs, among them being:

  • Data collection and record keeping in FRNs
  • Data use (information flow in FRNs)
  • Designing research with farmers
  • Using mixed methods in research

Some highlights from group members:

“Discussions have helped me improve my research methods. I have learned especially analysis and interpretation. I was so narrow in putting things together. I am not competent now but I have made a big step” – researcher from Botanicals project in Tanzania

“Recently, suggested ways for data collection became imperative as travel was restricted, and the more the local farmer researchers had ‘owned’ the research the better equipped they were to collect data” – researcher from Agriculture and Nutrition, fostering Agrobiodiveristy , forages and fallows project in Peru

“Our project is concerned with supporting FRNs in matters related to research methods and data. So, all discussions are relevant and contributing to our projects aims, both in getting information from FRNs and providing information to them” – researcher from Research Methods Support team, Finland

“I would like to understand how data are related to agroecology themes” – researcher from Agroecology Support project, USA

If you are interested in participating, please contact Nuru Kipato.

Grants

All Farmer research network (FRN) Grants
  • Cereals FRN Uganda

    East & Southern Africa, Farmer research network (FRN)

  • Organic Groundnut Bolivia

    Organic Peanut IV

    Andes, Farmer research network (FRN)

By the Numbers

404 Million

Of the approximately 525 million farms worldwide, 404 million are 2 hectares or fewer.

80 Percent

Family farms produce more than 80 percent of the world’s food in value terms, confirming family farming’s central importance in world food security today and for future generations. – FAO 2019

60 Active Projects

FRN projects are active in all countries that participate in CCRP’s regional communities of practice.

  • Participatory Action Research FRN in Bolivia

    This project operates in a relatively isolated region of Bolivia—two municipalities within the Department of Chuquisaca—where many members of farming households have migrated permanently. Farmers produce various crops, including potato, chile, maize, and groundnuts, both for sale and household consumption. Groundnuts are often the only cash crop, and many farmers grow organically specifically for the export market. To date, the project has focused on different themes of interest to these farmers, including organic peanut production (preferred varieties and management of pests and diseases) and an assessment of the agroecological systems functioning in their farms (exploring ecological/productive, economic/participatory, and cultural/organizational dimensions).

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  • FRN–NGO in Western Kenya

    FRN–NGO operates in Kenya’s lake zone, one of the most densely settled parts of the country and a region where poverty, natural resource degradation, and food insecurity levels are high. Challenges include scarce land and water resources, declining soil productivity, high pest and disease incidences, changing climatic conditions, and limited access to resources for women, who are the main drivers of agricultural production. People are highly dependent on farming for their livelihoods, and rains are becoming less predictable and crop failures more frequent.

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  • Seed Systems in Mali and Other West African Countries

    With high population growth, large proportions of rural populations, and high levels of malnutrition, including micronutrient deficiencies, Mali and the Sahel region in general rank among the lowest on the United Nations Human Develop­ment Index. Seed Systems in Mali is a long-term project now led by Baloua Nebie following Eva Weltzien-Rattunde’s retirement from ICRISAT in 2016. It focuses on various aspects of participatory breeding for improving sorghum- and millet-based systems in the Sahel region. The project has from its inception in 2006 worked with a network of large farmer organizations in all three West Africa CoP countries. The research network orientation taken by this project was seen as a promising approach for building capacities for expanding farmers’ seed systems. A key aspect was to expand farmers’ capacities in terms of increasing the crop and varietal diversity in their systems. A network of variety testers, seed producers, and seed marketing specialists was built within these farmer organizations to enhance the reach of the seed.

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Resources

All Farmer research network (FRN) Resources

News & Updates