Across the Andes, but especially in Ecuador, processed and non-native staples like noodles and rice are taking place of highly nutritious native grains like quinoa, amaranth and lupin. The result is both obesity and malnutrition as diets have less protein, fiber and healthy fats. The stigma that has been placed on these native foods has been reversed as they are increasingly being valued by export and high end urban markets. However, much of the ancestral knowledge of how to plant and consume these crops, especially with the modern reality of less time and labor due to migration, has been lost or is outdated.
The INIAP native grains and legumes division has been working over the last two decades to improve access to high producing seeds of these varieties, as well as researching planting practices, recipes, nutrition content and promoting niche markets.
In this new phase of the project, INIAP will expand the capacity of its quinoa and lupin breeding program. It will also investigate principal lupin pests and diseases and develop integrated pest management practices to reduce the use of dangerous agrochemicals in this crop. Lastly, the project will expand greatly to new and more marginal areas and work with strategic local partners to increase Andean grain consumption and production.
Develop quinoa and lupin lines through hybridization.
To generate and validate alternatives for the agroecological management of lupin pests.
To promote the consumption of lupin, quinoa and amaranth.
To begin the implementation of a non-conventional seed production and distribution system of good quality Andean Grains.
Outputs and Outcomes:
Life cycle of lupin seed fly identified.
New community seed cooperative established and successful.