Waking the Sleeping Giant: Agricultural intensification, extensification or stagnation in Mali’s Guinea Savannah
The World Bank argued that West Africa’s Guinea Savannah zone forms part of “Africa’s Sleeping Giant,” where increases in agricultural production could be an engine of economic growth, through expansion of cultivated land in sparsely populated areas. The district of Bougouni, in southern Mali, falls within this zone. We used multiple data sources including a panel survey, remote sensing-based land cover classification, population data, and farmer focus group discussions, to investigate whether the area is following a commonly-described pathway of agricultural
intensification due to increasing land scarcity.