Highlights: Soil tool kit pH, POXC and P correlated well with standard lab measures. Tool kit measures were able to predict maize yield as well as lab measures. Tool kit measured POM was higher after incorporation of L. purpureus residues. The tool kit can help guide soil health management in smallholder farmer contexts. Abstract Smallholder […]
Source: Blessing Nyamasoka-Magonziwa, Steven J. Vanek, John O. Ojiem, Steven J. Fonte
In Mali, agriculture and livestock contribute about 23 % of export income and 40 % of the country’s gross domestic income. From a general development perspective, the livestock component of agriculture can therefore contribute substantially to improve farm productivity and poverty alleviation. It is with this in mind that this study was initiated. It aims […]
Source: Ousmane M. Sanogo, Salif Doumbia, Katrien Descheemaeker
Farm systems were re-designed together with farmers during three years (2013–2015) in Southern Mali with the aim to improve income without compromising food self-sufficiency. A cyclical learning model with three steps was used: Step 1 was the co-design of a set of crop/livestock technical options, Step 2 the on-farm testing and appraisal of these options […]
Effectively addressing malnutrition in the rural sector remains a critical international priority, especially as increasing evidence shows that people who are malnourished as children not only experience the developmental consequences of chronic nutrient deficiencies, but are also more likely to be overweight or obese as adults (Black et al. 2013; Godfrey, Gluckman, and Hanson 2010).
Source: Ana Deaconu, Geneviève Mercille & Malek Batal (2019) The Agroecological Farmer’s Pathways from Agriculture to Nutrition: A Practice-Based Case from Ecuador’s Highlands, Ecology of Food and Nutrition, 58:2, 142-165, DOI: 10.1080/03670244.2019.1570179
Development actors, including the African Union, the Alliance for a Green Revolution in Africa and bilateral donors, promote a technology-driven sustainable intensification of agriculture as a way to feed a growing world population and reduce rural poverty. A broader view of smallholder agriculture in the context of rural livelihoods suggests that technological solutions alone are […]
Enset Xanthomonas wilt (EXW) was first reported in 1939 and continues to threaten the sustainability of farming systems in south and southwestern parts of Ethiopia. The present study was conducted in the central zones of southern Ethiopia to assess farmers’ knowledge and perception about EXW, its etiology and mode of transmission, and its implications for […]
Source: Z. Yemataw, A Mekonen, A Chala, K. Tesfaye, K. Mekonen, D. J. Stuholme and K. Sharma
Assessing how livelihoods in rural sub-Saharan Africa might change given future trends in socio-economic and biophysical conditions helps to identify and direct effective efforts towards poverty reduction. Based on existing literature, hypothetical changes in farmer practices and policy interventions were described and used to build five contrasting scenarios towards the year 2027.
The large diversity of farms and farming systems in sub-Saharan Africa calls for agricultural improvement options that are adapted to the context in which smallholder farmers operate. The socio-ecological niche concept incorporates the agro-ecological, socio-cultural, economic and institutional dimensions and the multiple levels of this context in order to identify which options fit best. In […]
The World Bank argued that West Africa’s Guinea Savannah zone forms part of “Africa’s Sleeping Giant,” where increases in agricultural production could be an engine of economic growth, through expansion of cultivated land in sparsely populated areas. The district of Bougouni, in southern Mali, falls within this zone. We used multiple data sources including a […]
Options that contribute to sustainable intensification offer an avenue to improve crop yields and farmers’ livelihoods. However, insufficient knowledge on the performance of various options in the context of smallholder farm systems impedes local adaptation and adoption. Therefore, together with farmers in southern Mali we tested a range of options for sustainable intensification including intensification […]
Institutional support for smallholders has been the motor for the expanding cotton production sector in southern Mali since the 1970s. Smallholder farms exhibit diverse resource endowments and little is known on how they benefit from and cope with changes in this institutional support. In this paper we explore farm trajectories during two decades (1994 to […]